Displaying items by tag: modernization

Monday, 13 September 2021 14:14

Video: Modernizing Using Layered Architectures

One huge benefit to an automated modernization is the migration from a monolithic architecture to a multi-tier architecture. The multi-tier, or layered, architecture separates the data layer from the logic layer, and also makes the presentation layer—what the end user sees and interacts with—independent of the other two. In this video segment, Scott Pickett discusses how this modern-day style of architecture allows developers to extend the functionality of an application without affecting the data or behavior of an application. Even more important, however, he explains how a modernized application can continue to refer back to legacy databases when organizations migrate to their target environment in smaller steps rather than committing all at once.

Be sure to view our other videos in this series:

Videos 1 & 2: “Setting Project Scope” and “Setting Up Development Sandboxes”

Video 3: Selecting Cloud Vendors and Your Target Language

Video 4: Using Automation to Quickly and Accurately Move to a Multi-Tier Environment

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TSRI is Here for You As a leading provider of software modernization services, TSRI enables technology readiness for the cloud and other modern architecture environments. We bring software applications into the future quickly, accurately, and efficiently with low risk and minimal business disruption, accomplishing in months what would otherwise take years.

See Case Studies

Learn About Our Technology

Get started on your modernization journey today!

Published in News & Blog

As Scott notes in this video, the latest in our Modernizing for the Future series for undertaking a cloud modernization, “One of the benefits associated with using an automated technology is that none of it is done by hand.” In this video Scott introduces the idea of automation when it comes to modernization and how taking this avenue will preserve the functionality and logic of the legacy applications. The benefit is that the application will operate exactly the same way it did previously, but with capabilities to expand into a more tiered approach so the application can take advantage of the best the cloud has to offer.

 

Originally aired live on May 18, 2021.

Additionally, having the automated transformation preserve the functionality means once organizations are ready to put the cloud applications into production, the data layer remains consistent so this can be done gradually with very little downtime in the production environments. That minimal business disruption greatly reduces the risk of data loss and technical failures. And from there, automated and semi-automated refactoring can begin to improve the quality and functionality of the application—all in a cloud environment.

 

Be sure to view our other videos in this series:
Videos 1 & 2: “Setting Project Scope” and “Setting Up Development Sandboxes”
Video 3: Selecting Cloud Vendors and Your Target Language

 

As always, TSRI can help answer any questions you may have about modernization, automation, and making sure your systems are ready to deploy in modern computing environments. 

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TSRI is Here for You 

As a leading provider of software modernization services, TSRI enables technology readiness for the cloud and other modern architecture environments. We bring software applications into the future quickly, accurately, and efficiently with low risk and minimal business disruption, accomplishing in months what would otherwise take years. 

See Case Studies 

Learn About Our Technology 

Get Started on Your Modernization Journey Today! 

Published in News & Blog

Using automation to modernize mainframe applications will bring a codebase to today’s common coding standards and architectures. But in many cases, modernization to an application’s functional equivalent isn’t always enough. Organizations can do more to make their modern code more efficient and readable. By building refactoring phases into their modernization projects, organizations can eliminate the Pandora’s box of dead or non-functional code that many developers don’t want to open, especially if it contains elements that just don’t work.

Using TSRI’s automated refactoring engine, remediation was complete in an hour.

What is Refactoring and How is it Used?

Refactoring, by definition, is an iterative process that automatically identifies and remediates pattern-based issues throughout a modernized application’s codebase. For example, unreferenced variables or unnecessary redundant snippets could exist throughout the application. This scan, known as dead/redundant code refactoring, will find repetitions of any of this unusable code to flag, then remove it from the codebase. One of TSRI’s current projects found 25,000 instances of a similar issue that would have required 15 minutes of manual remediation per instance—not including the inevitable introduction of human error that would require further remediation. The number of development hours would take more than a year for a single developer to complete.

Using TSRI’s automated refactoring engine, however, remediation was complete in an hour.

Calling refactoring its own post-modernization phase is, in some ways, misleading. Refactoring typically occurs all the way through an automated mainframe transformation. As an example, in a typical COBOL or PL/1 mainframe modernization, TSRI would refactor the code from a monolithic application to a multi-tier application, with Java or C# handling back-end logic, a relational database layer through a Database Access Object (DAO) layer, and the user interface (screens) modernized in a web-based format. Believe it or not, many legacy applications still run on 3270 green-screens or other terminals, like in the graphic below.

Once the automated modernization of the legacy application is complete, the application has become a functionally equivalent, like-for-like system. However, any deprecated code, functions that may have never worked as planned, or routines that were written but never implemented will still exist. A process written in perhaps 1981—or even 1961—may have taken far more code to execute than a simple microservice could handle today.

Situations like this are where refactoring becomes indispensable.

 

Where to begin?

Before a formal refactoring process can begin, it’s important to understand your goals and objectives, such as performance, quality, cybersecurity, and maintainability. This will typically mean multiple workshops to define which areas of the modernized codebase need attention and the best candidates for refactoring, based upon the defined goals. These refactorings will either be semi-automated (fully automated with some human input) or custom written (based upon feedback from code scanners or subject-matter experts.)

The refactoring workshops can reveal many different candidates for refactoring:

  • Maintainability: By removing or remediating bugs, dead or orphaned code, or any other anomalies the codebase can be reduced by as much as one third while pointing developers in the direction of any bugs in need of remediation.
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  • Readability: Renaming obscure functions or variables for a modern developer to fit within naming conventions that are both understandable and within the context of the code’s functionality.
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  • Security: Third-party tools such as Fortify and CAST can be utilized to find vulnerabilities, but once found they need to be remediated through creation of refactoring rules.
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  • Performance: Adding reusable microservices or RESTful endpoints to connect to other applications in the cloud can greatly improve the efficiency of the application, as can functionality that enables multiple services to run in parallel rather than sequentially.

 

What are the Challenges?

  • Challenge 1: One reason refactoring must be an iterative process is that some functionality can change with each pass. Occasionally, those changes will introduce bugs to the application. However, each automated iteration will go though regression testing, then refactored again to remediate those bugs prior to the application returning to a production environment.
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  • Challenge 2: The legacy architecture itself may pose challenges. On a mainframe, if a COBOL application needs to access data, it will call on the entire database and cycle through until it finds the records it needs. Within a mainframe architecture this can be done quickly. But if a cloud-based application needs to call a single data record out of millions or billions from halfway across the world (on cloud servers), the round trip of checking each record becomes far less efficient—and, in turn, slower. By refactoring the database, the calls can go directly to the relevant records and ignore everything else that exists in the database.
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  • Challenge 3: Not every modernization and refactoring exercise meets an organization’s quality requirements. For example, the codebase for a platform that runs military defense systems is not just complex, it’s mission critical. Armed forces will set a minimum quality standard that any transformation must meet. Oftentimes these standards can only be achieved through refactoring. A third-party tool like SonarQube in conjunction with an automated toolset like TSRI’s JANUS Studio® can be utilized to discover and point to solutions for refactoring to reach and exceed the required quality gate.
  •  

In conclusion, while an automated modernization will quickly and accurately transform legacy mainframe applications to a modern, functionally equivalent, cloud-based or hybrid architecture, refactoring will make the application durable and reliable into the future.

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TSRI is Here for You

As a leading provider of software modernization services, TSRI enables technology readiness for the cloud and other modern architecture environments. We bring software applications into the future quickly, accurately, and efficiently with low risk and minimal business disruption, accomplishing in months what would otherwise take years.

See Case Studies
Learn About Our Technology
Get started on your modernization journey today!

Published in News & Blog

In our latest video from our Modernizing for the Future series for undertaking a cloud modernization, Scott Pickett discusses some of the decisions organizations need to consider when choosing a target language and the right cloud vendor. Some of these considerations include time-to-market and compatibility based upon your existing architecture. Scott talks through some of the ways you can make the decision that best fits your organization's needs as well as pitfalls to watch for.

 

Originally aired live on May 18, 2021.

 

Be sure to view the first two videos in this series as well.

As always, TSRI can help answer any questions you may have about modernization, automation, and making sure your systems are ready to deploy in modern computing environments. 

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TSRI is Here for You 

As a leading provider of software modernization services, TSRI enables technology readiness for the cloud and other modern architecture environments. We bring software applications into the future quickly, accurately, and efficiently with low risk and minimal business disruption, accomplishing in months what would otherwise take years. 

See Case Studies 

Learn About Our Technology 

Get Started on Your Modernization Journey Today! 

Published in News & Blog
Friday, 09 July 2021 10:42

Get Started with Your Modernization!

Highlights on “Setting Project Scope” and “Setting Up Development Sandboxes”

TSRI is thrilled to present highlights from Modernizing for the Future, our cloud webinar featuring Scott Pickett, our Vice President of Product Development and Service Delivery. In these first two segments, Scott helps your organization get the mainframe modernization process started.

The first segment, “Setting Project Scope,” helps your organization understand their existing baselines, setting realistic expectations and accomplishments for your migration, and planning your target environment.

In this second segment, “Setting Up Development Sandboxes,” Scott discusses your organization’s development sandbox and why setting up an experimental environment will be critical to the success of your automated modernization. Your sandbox will help validate your target environment as well as understand any complexities in languages, architectures, or databases.

In this second segment, “Setting Up Development Sandboxes,” Scott discusses your organization’s development sandbox and why setting up an experimental environment will be critical to the success of your automated modernization. Your sandbox will help validate your target environment as well as understand any complexities in languages, architectures, or databases.

As always, TSRI can help answer any questions you may have about automated modernization, and making sure your systems are ready to deploy in modern computing environments.

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TSRI is Here for You

As a leading provider of software modernization services, TSRI enables technology readiness for the cloud and other modern architecture environments. We bring software applications into the future quickly, accurately, and efficiently with low risk and minimal business disruption, accomplishing in months what would otherwise take years.

Get started on your modernization journey today!

Published in Best Practices

 

 

Learn tips to navigate the process in this presentation by TSRI’s VP of Product Development and Service Delivery, Scott Pickett.  

 

Originally aired live on May 18, 2021.

Modernizing for the Future: Effectively Leveraging Today’s Modernization Solutions for the Cloud 

Modernization efforts today that target cloud technologies require an understanding of the new environment up-front in the process. With a landscape of constantly evolving technology options, organizations looking to modernize their code, databases and UI, and move to the cloud are confronted with many considerations. The options are daunting, and the path to successful execution is not always clear. 

Key Takeaways: 

Gain important insights to successfully move beyond language modernization and support best practices for deployment in a cloud environment. 

Learn about common benefits, challenges, and pitfalls in cloud migration and modernization. 

Dive into the specifics associated with modernizing COBOL programs and the tools, services, and tech stacks required to support them in a modern environment. 

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TSRI is Here for You 

As a leading provider of software modernization services, TSRI enables technology readiness for the cloud and other modern architecture environments. We bring software applications into the future quickly, accurately, and efficiently with low risk and minimal business disruption, accomplishing in months what would otherwise take years. 

 

See Case Studies 

Learn About Our Technology 

Get started on your modernization journey today! 

Published in News & Blog

 

Let’s face it. Change is hard. Sometimes, however, change is necessary. When it comes to modernizing mainframe systems that have been in service for decades — especially when considering the possible risks — change requires a lot of forethought. 

Disruption to your organization’s business will likely be one of the biggest risk areas in question. These risks can run from prolonged periods that take your business offline to database synchronization between your existing and target applications. So how do organizations move forward with a much-needed modernization to the cloud or a hybrid on-premises solution without causing major disruptions or headaches to their business? 

Here are four tips to help you minimize business disruption risks:  

  1. 1. Understand the scope of your modernization project. 

Your organization may want to modernize your applications all at once, but more likely will consider a proof of concept. Great candidates for a proof of concept could be applications most critically in need of modernization, or less-utilized applications to demonstrate how a cloud or on-premises hybrid migration will holistically affect your overall systems portfolio. Understanding the application make-up and baselines of your existing applications will help uncover any additional services that may be required for a successful modernization and determine the target environment these applications will live on and language they use. Setting a realistic scope early on will give insight into which cloud services your applications can leverage, and the benefits associated with those services. Having a good understanding of the scope of the modernization before the work begins will eliminate surprises down the road as well and help prepare for subsequent steps in your organization’s modernization journey. 

  1. 2. Consider a graceful migration and gradual roll-out. 

With the right solution, your organization has the capability to migrate legacy systems one feature, one function, or even one API at a time. Both the existing and modernized applications can then coexist and run concurrently while maintaining or replicating the same data sources. One TSRI client actually operated in this state for over a year as we completed their modernization!  

  1. 3. Put your services in the target environment under the control of your legacy environment. 

Rather than remaking all of the thousands of processes that run to complete specific tasks, organizations can work on the new target environment following a code migration and create a “cloud agent” to enable the legacy mainframe system to run these processes. This temporary fix mitigates risk by eliminating the challenge of isolating problems in real time and allows organizations to move the processes from the legacy application. 

  1. 4. Take advantage of automation. 

Automated modernization processes eliminate the need for humans to rewrite tens (if not hundreds) of thousands of lines of code, which will inevitably introduce errors that need to be isolated and remediated. Manual rewrites can also take years. While human intervention is likely required at various points in an automated modernization, a programmer will need to touch less than .05% of a codebase, meaning issues can be remediated in hours or a few days rather than weeks. Read more about the advantages of automated modernization.  

While any modernization will cause some level of disruption, a trusted partner with the experience, tools, and methods in place to migrate legacy systems will minimize risk and make your move to the cloud or a hybrid on-premises architecture as seamless as possible. An experienced, knowledgeable partner will also keep your business requirements top of mind. Remember, automated modernization and refactoring processes will update your code but do not change your business functions. Everything in your applications will perform exactly as they did prior to your modernization—and most likely better— and also enable your organization to leverage the benefits of cloud computing and the up-to-date processes modern systems offer.  

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TSRI is Here for You 

As a leading provider of software modernization services, TSRI enables technology readiness for the cloud and other modern architecture environments. We bring software applications into the future quickly, accurately, and efficiently with low risk and minimal business disruption, accomplishing in months what would otherwise take years. 

See Case Studies 

Learn About Our Technology 

Get started on your modernization journey today!

Published in News & Blog

capitol buildingModernization of High Value Assets (HVAs) and software systems is more urgent than ever. In the past year, tens of millions of U.S. citizens have leveraged critical online systems to manage their livelihood and health during the COVID-19 pandemic. With such a heavy reliance on these systems, now is the time for the federal government’s critically important High Value Assets systems to keep up with citizens’ growing needs.

 

The Technology Modernization Fund was established in 2017 to support government and civic agencies to bring their critical software infrastructure into the modern age. On May 12 of this year, President Biden issued a comprehensive executive order that gave direction to federal departments and agencies to strengthen the government’s cybersecurity posture. The order establishes a requirement to modernize systems and implement stronger cybersecurity standards by moving agencies and their contract partners to secure cloud services and a zero-trust architecture, which uses identity management protocols to verify that every user of a system interacts with the appropriate levels of security access. This order also mandated deployment of multifactor authentication and encryption.

 

According to Federal Chief Information Security Officer Chris DeRusha, the White House is pushing federal agencies toward a “zero-trust paradigm.” With the pressure on, many agencies are struggling with the magnitude of such an undertaking and are, justifiably, fearful of the perceived security and down-time risks associated with modernization.

 

Modernizing an HVA doesn’t have to be risky

 

Using a graceful, automated approach to leverage modernization solutions can result in a very low risk modernization. By implementing a step-by-step cloud migration while keeping legacy systems running in parallel, an automated modernization can happen quickly, safely, and reliably.

 

TSRI has over 25 years of experience undertaking migrations of this kind (see below).

 

  • TSRI’s Work is the “Playbook” for Future Government Modernization
    A large percentage of TSRI’s work over the past 25 years has been the modernization of critical government and military software applications. If fact, our recent work with HUD was called the “playbook” for future government modernization.

 

  • Modernize Quickly and Maintain Business-as-Usual in the Process
    Our technology enables HVAs to be modernized rapidly and without business disruption.

 

  • Cloud-Ready, Cloud-certified — AWS & Beyond
    As a certified AWS partner for mainframe modernization, TSRI helps organizations take advantage of the Technology Modernization Fund to transform and secure their applications for cloud deployment on AWS and other leading platforms.

 

 

Ready to modernize? Reach out to us to learn more and get started!

 

 

 

 

 

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TSRI is Here for You

As a leading provider of software modernization services, TSRI enables technology readiness for the cloud and other modern architecture environments. We bring software applications into the future quickly, accurately, and efficiently with low risk and minimal business disruption, accomplishing in months what would otherwise take years.

 

See Case Studies

Learn About Our Technology

Get started on your modernization journey today!

 

Published in News & Blog

 

Any organization undergoing a modernization needs to understand the new environment they will be moving to. When it comes to cloud migration, the path to successful execution is not always clear. 

 

TSRI’s VP of Product Development and Service Delivery, Scott Pickett, will lead a live virtual session to help organizations work through the benefits and challenges of modernizing for the cloud. Scott will reference case studies from many of the successful cloud migrations he and his team at TSRI have undertaken. 

Register Now

Modernizing for the Future: Effectively Leveraging Today’s Modernization Solutions for the Cloud

Tuesday, May 18 at 11:00am (PDT)

In this session, Scott will explain what the landscape of constantly evolving technology options means for organizations looking to modernize their code, databases, and UI as they move to the cloud. While the options at first may seem daunting, the insights Scott has gathered from many years in the field and numerous successful modernization and cloud-migration programs will ease a lot of anxiety among both business and IT professionals.

Scott’s session will be presented virtually with a live Q&A. Don’t miss your chance to attend this value-packed session!

Some key takeaways you can expect from Scott in this session:

  • Gain important insights to successfully move beyond language modernization and support best practices for deployment in a cloud environment.
  • Learn about common benefits, challenges, and pitfalls in cloud migration and modernization.
  • Dive into the specifics associated with modernizing COBOL programs and the tools, services, and tech stacks required to support them in a modern environment.
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Register now to participate on May 18 for this live-streaming event!

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TSRI is Here for You

As a leading provider of software modernization services, TSRI enables technology readiness for the cloud and other modern architecture environments. We bring software applications into the future quickly, accurately, and efficiently with low risk and minimal business disruption, accomplishing in months what would otherwise take years.

See Case Studies

Learn About Our Technology

Get started on your modernization journey today!

Published in News & Blog

 

Is modernizing your software applications to the cloud a topic of discussion in your organization? Though a move to the cloud may not be the immediate next step in your organization’s IT strategy, it is likely that such a migration will eventually be critical to long-term success. If you’re contemplating (or already planning on) a move to the cloud and need to modernize your applications, then you need to be prepared.

With hundreds of large-scale modernizations under our belt, the TSRI team has seen the good, the bad, and the ugly. While no modernization effort is without its bumps, there are things you can do to pave an easier path. We’ve developed a checklist to give you a head start on your modernization journey to ensure success from the beginning!

 

Technical

 

Discovery on your existing mainframe 

Conduct a technical assessment to help understand your existing systems to set a baseline for a transformation.

 

CODEBASE
 

Existing languages (primary sub-languages)

Lines of code and comments

Readability and completeness of application documentation

Blackbox libraries

 

DATABASES
 

Database platform(s) & versions(s)

Database Metrics (Size, Tables, Columns, etc.)

Database type(s), e.g., flat file, relational, mid-range, etc.

Connection nodes to application codebase & other services

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SCREEN (user interface)

    
Types (graphical or text-based)

Interoperability between applications

Usability

Feature assessment

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  • SERVICES

    
Licensing agreements

Tool feasibility

Assessment of needs

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  • OTHER METRICS

    
MIPS consumption

Transactions & transaction volumes

Third-party tools & services

Customized tools

Undocumented tools (may be discoverable via an application blueprint process)

 

Physical Mainframe Review

Examines system architecture, technical services in use, and analysis of both internal and external services/applications. We can use this information to map your system to your desired target services and architecture.

Existing architecture survey

Architecture diagram evaluation

External applications assessment

Utilities and services assessment

Services overlap within the full application portfolio

Performance, quality, and security baselines and metrics

 

SMEs/Personnel

While the technical review is important, it’s also useful to have an understanding of who on the team is able to maintain and develop on your existing systems. The logic and technical requirements may be different once you’ve established your target architecture.

Survey of staffing (existing and future)

Assessment of team’s working knowledge of applications

Talent assessment within market

 

As you gather this information, TSRI uses its tools to assess the code, find any code modules/segments within applications that are no longer in use, and generate code-level documentation through a blueprint preview of the current codebase and what a future, modernized codebase might look like. We will then work with you to establish business requirements. Note that while many of these tasks individually take a short time, depending upon the number of applications and the size of your application portfolio, an end-to-end engagement can range anywhere from 1-2 years if your systems have fewer than 10 million lines of code to transform to 4-5 years for much larger portfolios and codebases.

 

Business

 

Business case development and financial discovery

Once you have completed a technical analysis and your IT leaders understand your existing systems, it is time to establish your organization’s business cases to modernize your applications and support a modern environment.

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  • NEEDS ASSESSMENT

    
Timeframe for project phases and project completion

Market and internal demands

Then vs. now: evolution of your customer and business needs

Modern workflows and accessibility

Security posture

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    • CURRENT FINANCIAL STATE

    
Total cost of mainframe and application ownership

Mainframe operating expenses

Capital expenditures

Amortized costs

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    • INTANGIBLE COSTS BEYOND PRICE

    
Market agility

Business requirements agility

Availability of developers that support legacy systems

 

Download and print your own modernization checklist

While most businesses that rely upon mainframes will need to modernize in one way or another, every organization’s needs will be different. Base your organization’s decisions not just on the flashiest current technologies, but on the methodologies and technologies that will work best for your company today and into the future. TSRI can work with you to complete this checklist assessment to start you on the path of a fully automated mainframe modernization. Contact us now to begin!

 

TSRI is Here for You

As a leading provider of software modernization services, TSRI enables technology readiness for the cloud and other modern architecture environments. We bring software applications into the future quickly, accurately, and efficiently with low risk and minimal business disruption, accomplishing in months what would otherwise take years.

 

See Case Studies

Learn About Our Technology

Get started on your modernization journey today!

 

Published in News & Blog
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